A shared bank or credit card account allows two or more people to have access to their shared funds. In most cases, funds in a joint account are owned jointly and severally. This means each account holder is entitled to all of the funds, as well as being liable for all of the debt on the account. Couples, close relatives and business partners typically use joint accounts.
Unless notified to the contrary, a bank will allow any account holder to operate a joint account. If an account holder wants to make changes to an account because of a relationship dispute, a bank will move with caution. Before it can make the requested changes, it needs to contact, and get agreement from, each account holder.
A bank won't get involved in relationship disputes. Its responsibility is to protect the funds in an account while the account holders either work out their differences or decide to close the account. If the funds in the account are in dispute, the bank may well place a hold on the account, meaning no account holder can withdraw funds.
In the case of joint credit cards, the safest course is to ask the bank to suspend the account. Otherwise, the bank will require either full repayment of money owing on the card or the agreement of all account holders that one of them will take full responsibility for the debt before it will agree to make changes to the account or remove any holder's name from the account.
Stopping an account that is in daily or frequent use will almost inevitably cause complications. Account holders are responsible for ensuring that such deductions as automatic payments, direct debits and loan repayments continue after a stop is put on the account.
If the relationship has broken down irrevocably, the account holders need to decide what to do with the shared funds or debt and the future of the account. Try to reach an agreement on this and advise the bank. If no agreement is possible, contact the bank as soon as possible. It will offer advice on the future operation of the account. One possibility, if all account holders agree, is to allow regular automatic payments to continue, but to stop any other access until account holders reach a final agreement.
See our Quick Guide Account mandates for more about operating shared accounts.
If there has been a dispute about a joint bank account, notify the bank immediately, it can act to protect the funds until the dispute is resolved.
Former wife leaves behind bankruptcy debt
David became concerned when his bank declined a personal loan application because of a default listing on his credit card. A credit check had revealed an unpaid debt to another bank. David could not remember ever having had a relationship with that bank.CASE 2
Woman's account caught up in blocked joint accounts
Ana separated from her partner, Jamie, who asked the bank to block access to all of their joint accounts because the pair were in a dispute about the money in the accounts.CASE 3
Bank mishandled account dispute involving employee
Tama and his partner Sarah had joint accounts and a home loan with their bank. Sarah was also an employee of a subsidiary of the bank. The couple’s relationship ended, and Tama asked the bank to set up internet banking access so he could view information on a transactional account. After a short delay, the information came through, and Tama discovered that Sarah had transferred funds from the account half an hour earlier.
Deceased customers' accounts
A bank will freeze a deceased customer’s individual accounts when notified of the death. This includes transactional accounts, term deposits, credit cards and loans.
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